Natural Spin Turn (Slow Waltz)

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The Natural Spin Turn is a right turning Pre-Bronze waltz figure. It is a composite figure made up of Steps 1-3 of the Natural Turn and a Spin Turn action.

The Natural Spin Turn is one of the oldest waltz figures and among the first figures to have been featured in the Associate Syllabus (the equivalent of Bronze today).[1] It has been featured at the same level and with unchanged technique since its first introduction.

The Natural Spin Turn is a flexible figure: it may be Underturned or Overturned to suit the needs of choreography and/or floorcraft. It may be checked with a Reverse Pivot to produce an amalgamation: the Checked Natural Spin Turn. A number of figures have evolved from the Natural Spin Turn, such as the Running Spin Turn and Quick Natural Spin Turn, which are outlined in separate entries.

Default: 1-6 Natural Spin Turn

Natural Spin Turn (Slow Waltz)
1-6 Natural Spin Turn
4-6 Natural Spin Turn
What is this?
Syllabus Level
ISTD: Pre-Bronze – IDTA: Pre-Bronze
Amount of Rotation
The terms underturning and overturning refer to the aggregate rotation of Steps 4-6 of the Natural Spin Turn. They are defined:
Underturned Anything ≤ 5/8 of a turn.
Regular Turn 5/8 < Regular Turn ≤ 7/8
Overturned Anything > 7/8 of a turn.
 Man — 1-6 Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 RF forward Facing DW Com. to turn R Com. to rise e/o 1 HT Straight Yes 1
2 LF to side Backing DC 1/4 between 1-2 Cont. to rise on 2 & 3 T Right 2
3 RF closes to LF Backing LOD 1/8 between 2-3 Lower e/o 3 TH Right 3
4 LF back Down LOD
toe turned in.
1/2 to R on 4 (Pivot) —— THT Straight Yes 1
5 RF forward in CBMP Facing LOD Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5 HT Straight Yes 2
6 LF side and
slightly back
Backing DC 3/8 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight 3
(2 Bars)
Notes

ISTD: “Although the footwork on step 4 THT the Heel is in contact with the floor during the actual turn."

IDTA: "Although the footwork of step 4 (Pivot) is THT, turn is actually made on BOF the H lightly touching the floor during the turn."

Lady — 1-6 Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 LF back Backing DW Com. to turn R Com. to rise e/o 1 NFR TH Straight Yes 1
2 RF to side Pointing LOD 3/8 between 1-2
Body turns less
Cont. to rise on 2 & 3 T Left 2
3 LF closes to RF Facing LOD Body completes turn Lower e/o 3 TH Left 3
4 RF forward Facing LOD 1/2 to R on 4
(pivoting action)
—— HT Straight Yes 1
5 LF back and
slightly to side
Backing LOD Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5-6 T Straight 2
6 RF diagonally forward
having brushed to LF
Facing DC 3/8 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight 3
(2 Bars)
Notes

ISTD: "The Rise is taken from the ball of the LF on step 5, and it is important to note that as the RF commences to move to brush to LF the ball of RF not the Heel is in contact with the floor."

ITDA: "On step 4, the H of the RF will be released from the floor as the turn starts."


Variant: Underturned Natural Spin Turn

The IDTA Syllabus divides the Natural Spin Turn into two separately tabulated figures: Natural Spin Turn and Underturned Natural Spin Turn. In its notes for the Natural Spin Turn, Ballroom Technique also notes this distinction. The differences are highlighted below in bold:
 Man — Underturned Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
4 LF back Down LOD
toe turned in.
3/8 to R on 4 (Pivot) —— THT Straight Yes 1
5 RF forward in CBMP Facing DC Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5 HT Straight Yes 2
6 LF side and
slightly back
Backing DC
against LOD
1/4 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight 3
(2 Bars)
Lady — Underturned Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
4 RF forward Facing LOD 3/8 to R on 4
(pivoting action)
- HT Straight Yes 1
5 LF back and
slightly to side
Backing DC Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5-6 T Straight - 2
6 RF diagonally forward
having brushed to LF
Facing DC
against LOD
1/4 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight - 3
(2 Bars)


Variant: Overturned Natural Spin Turn

The Natural Spin Turn may be overturned to end backing LOD going into figures such as Turning Lock to Right. The differences are highlighted below in bold:
 Man — Overturned Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
4 LF back Down LOD
toe turned in.
1/2 to R on 4 (Pivot) —— THT Straight Yes 1
5 RF forward in CBMP Facing LOD Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5 HT Straight Yes 2
6 LF side and
slightly back
Backing LOD 1/2 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight 3
(2 Bars)
This figure has been reconstructed from the notes; the end alignment here is taken from the entry alignment of the Turning Lock to Right.
Lady — Overturned Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
4 RF forward Facing LOD 1/2 to R on 4
(pivoting action)
- HT Straight Yes 1
5 LF back and
slightly to side
Backing LOD Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5-6 T Straight - 2
6 RF diagonally forward
having brushed to LF [2]
Facing LOD 1/2 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight - 3
(2 Bars)


Variant: Checked Natural Spin Turn

Checked Natural Spin Turn (Slow Waltz)
1-7 Checked
Natural Spin Turn
4-7 Checked
Natural Spin Turn
What is this?
Syllabus Level
ISTD: Bronze – IDTA: Silver
The Checked Natural Spin Turn is an amalgamation of the Natural Spin Turn and the Reverse Pivot.
 Man — Checked Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
4 LF back Down LOD
toe turned in.
1/2 to R on 4 (Pivot) —— THT Straight Yes 1
5 RF forward in CBMP Facing LOD Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5 HT Straight Yes 2
6 LF side and
slightly back
Backing DC 3/8 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6 TH Straight 3
7 RF back in CBMP
(small step) LF
held in CBMP [3]
To center,
toe turned in [4]
Up to 1/2 to L
(Pivot)
—— THT Straight Yes &*
(2 Bars)
*Any of the preceding beats may be divided to accommodate the pivot. For further analysis, see the section on Reverse Pivot Timing.
Lady — Checked Natural Spin Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
4 RF forward Facing LOD 1/2 to R on 4
(pivoting action)
—— HT Straight Yes 1
5 LF back and
slightly to side
Backing LOD Cont. to turn. Rise e/o 5-6 T Straight 2
6 RF diagonally forward
having brushed to LF
Facing DC 3/8 between 5-6 Up. Lower e/o 6    T [5] Straight 3
7 LF forward in CBMP
(small step) RF
held in CBMP
DC Up to 1/2 to L
(Pivot)
—— TH Straight Yes &*
(2 Bars)
*Any of the preceding beats may be divided to accommodate the pivot. For further analysis, see the section on Reverse Pivot Timing.


Modification: Natural Spin Turn begun OP

When the Natural Spin Turn is danced after a figure such as Chasse from PP, Step 1 is taken in Outside Partner. Differences are noted below:
Natural Spin Turn begun Outside Partner
Man
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 RF forward in CBMP, OP [6] Facing DW Com. to turn R Com. to rise e/o 1 HT Straight Yes 1
Lady
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 LF back in CBMP, OP [6] Backing DW Com. to turn R Com. to rise e/o 1 NFR TH Straight Yes 1


Precedes and Follows

Natural Spin Turn — Precedes
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD LF Closed ChangeChasse from PPOutside ChangeBasic Weave.
At a corner — Natural Turn.
IDTA LF Closed Change — *Natural Turn.
Starting Outside Partner: Chasse from PPOutside ChangeWeave in Waltz Time.
Silver ISTD Weave from PPClosed TelemarkOutside SpinTurning Lock.
IDTA Outside Spin.
Starting Outside Partner: Closed TelemarkOpen Impetus followed by WeaveWhisk followed by WeaveTurning Lock to Left.
Gold IDTA Starting Outside Partner: Fallaway Natural TurnContra Check ended in Close Hold.
Natural Spin Turn — Follows  
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD 4-6 Reverse TurnReverse CorteReverse Pivot (see Checked Natural Spin Turn).
IDTA 4-6 Reverse Turn to face DW or LOD — Reverse Corte.
Silver ISTD Turning Lock — approaching a corner — Basic Weave.
IDTA Turning Lock to LeftReverse Pivot (see Checked Natural Spin Turn).
Gold ISTD RF back into Left WhiskTurning Lock to Right after overturned Natural Spin TurnHover Corte.
IDTA Turning Lock to Right.
Notes

ISTD: The combination of Basic Weave and Natural Spin Turn is listed above level (both are Bronze) without further explanation.

Underturned Natural Spin Turn — Follows  
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD 4-6 Reverse TurnReverse CorteReverse Pivot (see Checked Natural Spin Turn).
IDTA 4-6 Reverse Turn to face DC — Reverse Corte turning 1/4 or 1/2 to Left.
At a corner: 4-6 of Reverse TurnReverse Corte.
Silver ISTD Turning Lock — approaching a corner — Basic Weave.
IDTA Turning Lock to Left to face DC — Reverse Pivot (see Checked Natural Spin Turn).
At a corner: Turning Lock to LeftReverse Pivot.
Gold ISTD RF back into Left WhiskTurning Lock to Right after overturned Natural Spin TurnHover Corte.
IDTA At a corner: Turning Lock to Right.
Notes

ISTD: The combination of Basic Weave and Natural Spin Turn is listed above level (both are Bronze) without further explanation.

Checked Natural Spin Turn — Follows  
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD If ended DW: LF Closed ChangeWhiskDouble Reverse Spin.
If ended LOD: Double Reverse Spin1-3 Reverse Turn into Basic WeaveProgressive Chasse to Right (3/8 Turn).
If ended DC: Reverse TurnDouble Reverse SpinProgressive Chasse to Right.
IDTA If ended DW: Whisk — {LF Closed Change}.
If ended LOD: Progressive Chasse to Right.
If ended DC: Reverse TurnProgressive Chasse to Right.
Silver ISTD If ended DC: Closed Telemark or Open Telemark.
IDTA If ended DC: Closed Telemark or Open Telemark.
Gold ISTD If ended DW: Contra Check.
If ended DC: Fallaway Reverse and Slip Pivot.
IDTA If ended DW: Double Reverse Spin — *Contra Check.
If ended LOD: Double Reverse Spin.
If ended DC: Double Reverse Spin.


References

  1. The Revised Technique of Ballroom Dancing [2nd Ed. 1950] Waltz No. 5 Natural Spin Turn.
  2. The Ballroom Technique [10th Ed. Reprinted w/Amendments, 1994] Waltz Turning Lock to Right Notes: "The Lady will not brush on the preceding Natural Spin Turn [...]"
  3. Ballroom Technique [10th Ed. Reprinted w/Amendments, 1994] Reverse Pivot "Note.— [...] This step is in CBMP owing to the body turning strongly to L as the RF slips back."
  4. Ballroom Technique [10th Ed. Reprinted w/Amendments, 1994] Reverse Pivot "Note.— If the Reverse Pivot is commenced backing DC the alignment for the Pivot (Man) would be "To center, toe turned in"."
  5. The Waltz and Basic Principles [6th Ed. Reprinted, 2011] Reverse Pivot Note "Lady's footwork is T on the step preceding the Reverse Pivot."
  6. 6.0 6.1 This is consistent with The Ballroom Technique [10th Ed. Reprinted w/Amendments, 1994] & The Waltz and Basic Principles [6th Ed. Reprinted, 2011] Chasse from PP, Outside Change, Basic Weave, Weave from PP, Closed Telemark, Outside Spin, Turning Lock.