Reverse Turn (Slow Waltz)

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The Reverse Turn is a left turning Pre-Bronze waltz figure.

The Reverse Turn is one of the oldest waltz figures and among the first figures to have been featured in the Associate Syllabus (the equivalent of Bronze today).[1] It has been featured at the same level and with unchanged technique since its first introduction. The Reverse Turn may be checked with a Reverse Pivot to produce an amalgamation: the Checked Reverse Turn.

Default: 1-6 Reverse Turn

Reverse Turn (Slow Waltz)
1-6 Reverse Turn
1-3 Reverse Turn
4-6 Reverse Turn
What is this?
Syllabus Level
ISTD: Pre-Bronze – IDTA: Pre-Bronze
 Man — 1-6 Reverse Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 RF forward Facing DC Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 1 HT Straight Yes 1
2 RF to side Backing DW 1/4 between 1-2 Cont. to rise on 2 & 3 T Left 2
3 LF closes to RF Backing LOD 1/8 between 2-3 Lower e/o 3 TH Left 3
4 RF back Backing LOD Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 4 NFR TH Straight Yes 1
5 LF to side Pointing DW 3/8 between 4-5
Body turns less
Cont. to rise on 5-6 T Right 2
6 RF closes to LF Facing DW Body completes turn Lower e/o 6 TH Right 3
Lady — 1-6 Reverse Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 RF back Backing DC Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 1 NFR TH Straight Yes 1
2 LF to side Pointing LOD 3/8 between 1-2
Body turns less
Cont. to rise on 2 & 3 T Right 2
3 RF closes to LF Facing LOD Body completes turn Lower e/o 3 TH Right 3
4 LF forward Facing LOD Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 4 HT Straight Yes 1
5 RF to side Backing Wall 1/4 between 4-5 Cont. to rise on 5-6 T Left 2
6 LF closes to RF Backing DW 1/8 between 5-6 Lower e/o 6 TH Left 3


Variant: Checked Reverse Turn

Checked Reverse Turn (Slow Waltz)
1-4 Checked
Reverse Turn
Syllabus Level
ISTD: Bronze – IDTA: Silver
The Checked Reverse Turn is an amalgamation of 1-3 Reverse Turn and the Reverse Pivot.
 Man — Checked Reverse Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 RF forward Facing DC Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 1 HT Straight Yes 1
2 RF to side Backing DW 1/4 between 1-2 Cont. to rise on 2 & 3 T Left 2
3 LF closes to RF Backing LOD 1/8 between 2-3 Lower e/o 3 TH Left 3
4 RF back in CBMP
(small step) LF
held in CBMP [2]
DC toe turned in Up to 1/2 to L
(Pivot)
—— THT Straight Yes &*
*Any of the preceding beats may be divided to accommodate the pivot. For further analysis, see the section on Reverse Pivot Timing.
Lady — Checked Reverse Turn
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 RF back Backing DC Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 1 NFR TH Straight Yes 1
2 LF to side Pointing LOD 3/8 between 1-2
Body turns less
Cont. to rise on 2 & 3 T Right 2
3 RF closes to LF Facing LOD Body completes turn Lower e/o 3 TH Right 3
4 LF forward in CBMP
(small step) RF
held in CBMP
DC Up to 1/2 to L
(Pivot)
—— TH Straight Yes &*
(2 Bars)
*Any of the preceding beats may be divided to accommodate the pivot. For further analysis, see the section on Reverse Pivot Timing.


Modification: Reverse Turn begun OP on L side

When the Reverse Turn is danced after a figure such as Wing or Closed Wing, Step 1 is taken in Outside Partner on L side. Differences are noted below:
Reverse Turn begun Outside Partner on L side
Man
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 LF forward in CBMP,
OP on L side
[3]
Facing DC Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 1 HT Straight Yes 1
Lady
Step # Feet Positions Alignment Amount of Turn Rise & Fall Footwork Sway CBM Timing
1 LF back in CBMP,
OP on L side
[3]
Backing DC Com. to turn L Com. to rise e/o 1 NFR TH Straight Yes 1


Precedes and Follows

Reverse Turn — Precedes
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD RF Closed Change{Reverse Turn}Hesitation ChangeDouble Reverse Spin ending DC — Reverse Pivot.
4-6 Reverse Turn may be preceded by: Natural Spin TurnClosed Impetus.
IDTA RF Closed ChangeNatural Turn with Hesitation.
4-6 Reverse Turn may be preceded by: Natural Spin Turn.
Silver ISTD Begun Outside Partner on Left side: Wing.
4-6 Reverse Turn may be preceded by: *Underturned Outside Spin.
IDTA Reverse Pivot.
Begun Outside Partner on Left side: Wing.
4-6 Reverse Turn may be preceded by: *Underturned Outside Spin.
Gold ISTD Begun Outside Partner on Left side: Closed Wing.
At a corner — Fallaway Reverse and Slip Pivot.
IDTA Double Reverse Spin.
Begun Outside Partner on Left side: Closed Wing.
Unlisted IDTA 4-6 Reverse Turn may be preceded by: *Closed Impetus.
Reverse Turn — Follows  
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD LF Closed ChangeWhiskDouble Reverse Spin.
After 1-3 Reverse Turn: Reverse Corte — *Basic Weave — *Reverse Pivot.
After 4-6 Reverse Turn ended DC (or LOD): Progressive Chasse to Right.
IDTA LF Closed ChangeWhisk.
After 1-3 Reverse Turn: Reverse Corte.
After 1-3 Reverse Turn unterturned to Back DW: Basic Weave.
Silver ISTD After 4-6 Reverse Turn ended DC: Closed TelemarkOpen Telemark — *Drag Hesitation.
IDTA Reverse Pivot.
After 4-6 Reverse Turn ended DC: Closed TelemarkOpen Telemark — *Progressive Chasse to Right.
Gold ISTD Contra Check.
After 1-3 Reverse Turn: Hover Corte — RF back into *Left Whisk.
After 4-6 Reverse Turn: *Fallaway Reverse and Slip Pivot.
IDTA Double Reverse SpinContra Check.
Unlisted IDTA After 4-6 Reverse Turn ended DC or LOD: *Drag Hesitation.
Checked Reverse Turn — Follows  
Figures in {curly brackets} are theoretically possible, but not listed. *Asterisks are not reciprocally listed.
Bronze ISTD If ended DW: LF Closed ChangeWhiskDouble Reverse Spin.
If ended LOD: Double Reverse Spin1-3 Reverse Turn into Basic WeaveProgressive Chasse to Right (3/8 Turn).
IDTA If ended DW: Whisk — {LF Closed Change}.
If ended LOD: Progressive Chasse to Right.
Gold ISTD If ended DW: Contra Check.
IDTA If ended DW: Double Reverse Spin — *Contra Check.
If ended LOD: Double Reverse Spin.


References

  1. The Revised Technique of Ballroom Dancing [2nd Ed. 1950] Waltz No. 3 Reverse Turn.
  2. Ballroom Technique [10th Ed. Reprinted w/Amendments, 1994] Reverse Pivot "Note.— [...] This step is in CBMP owing to the body turning strongly to L as the RF slips back."
  3. 3.0 3.1 This is consistent with The Ballroom Technique [10th Ed. Reprinted w/Amendments, 1994] & The Waltz and Basic Principles [6th Ed. Reprinted, 2011] Wing and Closed Wing.